Thirteenth Century

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Thirteenth Century Scotland

William I dies and is succeeded by Alexander II.

Pope Innocent IV declares Margaret a saint. Her remains, along with Malcolm's, are moved to a shrine outside Dunfermline Abbey.

William Wallace born.

Edward I becomes King of England.

Robert the Bruce born, in either Essex or Ayrshire.

Wallace declared an outlaw.

John Balliol becomes King of Scots.

Bruce becomes Earl of Carrick.

Edward invades Scotland. Balliol abdicates and is captured by the English. Edward becomes overlord.

Wallace sacks Lanark.

Bruce is believed to have knighted William Wallace after the battle of Stirling Bridge.

Battle of Stirling Bridge.

Wallace slips away to France.

Bruce appointed Guardian of Scotland, along with John "The Red" Comyn.

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