Castles & Historic Houses of Scotland
A comprehensive list of castles, historic houses and monuments across Scotland from the grand and famous to the small and barely noticed including those fascinating sites that are now little more than scratches on the ground.
We will be mashing this data up with a number of different sources and trying to find connections between historical incident, clans and families of Scotland and local lore and chronicles.
Popular tourist attraction that is undergoing sensitive restoration. The long time home of Sir Walter Scott
A small tower-house, erected in 1614, comprising a rectangular main building surviving to 4ft maximum height, with a round tower at its NW angle, 10ft maximum height. The small size of the structure suggests that it was a hunting lodge of three or four storeys with garret.
The oldest secular house in Inverness. Originally the town house for the Frasers of Lovat and now headquarters for National Trust of Scotland.
15th Century tower in an absurdly remarkable position overlooking the sea near Wick. Now super chic boutique accommodation and castle hotel. You can stay or just have tea!
Historic home of the Graham family which is now at the centre of the University of Stirling
Ruined castle that stands on its own promontory overlooking Loch Assynt. Not as old as you might expect but with its wonderful position such a romantic castle...
Privately owned Victorian Gothic castle near Eyemouth in the Scottish borders with "scandalous" recent history
L Plan Tower house that was derelict for a time before being rebuilt. Now occupied again.
Built around 1507 and occupied until 1868 when it was burnt. restored in the 1990s, it is now occupied
Immensely impressive late 13th century castle that is well worth a visit if you are near Dufftown.
Large C16th Z Plan tower with many later extensions which fell into disrepair before beig restored in 1980s and is now private. This may be the oldest surviving Z Plan house apart from Huntly Castle.
15th century castle in spectacular position on the Forth. Has featured in movies and is the very epitome of the mediaeval castle! Free to visit exterior and small fee for internals.
Ruined 16th Century courtyard castle on headland
Outstanding example of major 13th century castle near Glasgow. Open to visitors and well worth viewing.
19th Century estate and house on Fetlar that could soon become a centre for Shetland culture and artistic creativity.
National Trust owned and home to two wonderful enthusiasts for the Gaelic and western isles renaissance: John Lorne Campbell who owned Canna and his American born and musicicologist Margaret Fay Shaw.
Tower house near Kilmartin in Argyll. Now ruined but with interesting renaissance details remaining and excellent position. Open in summer. Unmanned.
15th century tower house in a splendid position on Loch Goil. Privately owned and undergoing restoration..
Privately owned 16th century L Plan house with later additions. Harled & whitewashed
16 century tower that was bequested by Robert Bruce to illegitimate son, Neil and occupied by Neilsons and then Dalrymple of Stair. Now occupied again. Can be viewed in exterior.
Built for the Regent Albany, Doune Castle is a magnificent late 14th century courtyard castle that is familiar to film buffs for its role in Monty Python's Life of Brian.
Located 5 miles north-west of Elgin in Moray on the east coast of Scotland. This typical Norman castle was built in the 14th century on the site of an earlier wooden construction. Today you can walk across the cobbled causeway and explore the stone ruins. It is in the care of Historic Scotland.
Originally an Iron Age Dun, now ruined. Also called Dunaidh Castle. Much ruined, but amazing location.
Massive norman and victorian Border Pele or Peel that dates back to 1320 with later C19 baronial additions by Graham. Still inhabited by the same family since C17 and not open to public.
The oldest continuously occupied castle in Scotland. Now occupied by the chieftain of Clan Malcolm
Striking Z-plan house overlooking Loch Earn near Lochearnhead. It fell into ruin but has been restored and is now used as a private home and is not open to the public.
Still inhabited home to the Duke of Roxburghe with ten rooms to view including collection of funiture and modern art.
Site of 13th century castle, which was torched in 1630. The present house dates from 1656, was remodelled in 1753, extended to 1790, and incorporates a small part of the old castle.
Daringly located and inacessible castle built by the fearsome Wolf of Badenoch in the 14th century. Not open.
Official residence of the British monarch in Scotland, Holyrood Palace stands at the bottom of the Royal Mile in Edinburgh. Holyrood Palace is the setting for state ceremonies and official entertaining.
Old ruined 14th century castle that was destroyed in 1548. Open to public
Remains of 16th century tower. Only walls remains with some trees growing out
Superbly positioned castle jutting out into the bay near Lochranza in Arran.
Altered 16th C tower house with earlier buildings incorporated. Now owned by Earls of Hopetoun. Privately owned
Manderston is the supreme country house of Edwardian Scotland; the swan-song of its era.
16th century unoccupied house near hopetoun house with farmyard behind. Can be walked around and is worth a visit.
Ruined house built in Victorian era that must have been fabulous judging by old photographs...
Large and somewhat foreboding tower near Prestonpans. In care of council and can be viewed from its gardens. Said to be haunted.
Built by city treasurer in C16 and extended at different times. Barely visible from the road.
1750s house with varied history largely destroyed by fire at beginning of 1905 behind Seacliff Beach. Fun to visit.
Site of 14th C tower house near Peebles that has been a hotel since 1949
2 miles west of Glasgow but now disappeared. C17th house and held by Andersons until 1730s. Demolished C19
Built in 1678, it is the Scottish home of the Countess of Sutherland. Formerly the seat of the Clan Mackay, the house sits on the site of the clan's previous home. It is said to have been burned by Cromwell's army in 1656, while pursuing the Chief of Mackay. It was rebuilt by the Mackays several years later. But in 1829, Tongue House and the majority of the Mackay Estate had to be sold to pay off debts owing to the Sutherland family.
L Plan Tower, now ruined built by Malcolm Canmore in 12th century. Can be walked around. 8 miles north of Pitlochry on A93
Site of old tower
Built by the Douglas family, this 13th century fortified house was later extended in the 15th, 16th & 17th centuries. The finished result provides accommodation with a gallery and fine painted ceiling. There is also a walled garden with beehive-shaped doocot.
16th century tower house near Balmoral/Crathie
Site of castles with no visible remains except for possible dungeon stones (1886)
Impressive L Plan Tower of 4 storeys and with attic. Access is difficult. Also known as Auchinleck Castle
Georgian Mansion dating 1820, Category B listed and now rented out as posh self-catering or weddings. Lovely views over sea.
Now home to Clan Donald centre and Museum of the Isles with various walking trails.
16th Century tower house that has recently become a very smart rental home owned by descendant of Prime Minister Glasdstone.
Huge 1847 baronial house that is now a large country house hotel on the island of Shapinsay
Mansion built on the site of older house and now operated as self catering. Pretty location and in a modest Georgian style
INteresting and very complete tower house in the Ochils in central Scotland. Open to public on exterior only and historically very satisfying.
1800 mansion extended later in C19the century. Incorporates an earlier tower house of unknown history.
Pretty Grade A listed house associated with Adam family and now a lovely B & B near Loch Leven
Scotland's best preserved castle, now a hotel
16th century castle incorporating early work and including much later work. Now in care of NTS and open to public
This moated castle has been witness to two famous sieges and although ruined, it is still spectacular...
Ruined castle half a mile inland from Lendalfoot beside a farmyard.
The castle is three miles west of Fortingall in Glenlyon. It's on the north side of the road above the bends and among the trees. It is largely ruined.
Z PLan 16th century castle from about 1581. Now ruinous. Visit with care
Clan seat for the Ogilvy family
Curious mishmash of a castle which is really two L plan house connected together from different periods
Large fortified castle built by built by Regent Morton in 1581 but abandoned 1630. Listed and still impressive
Originally a Palladian Country House, the ‘Dumfries House’ is quoted to be one among Britain’s beautiful, stately homes.
Fire damaged castle that is being restored and is surrounded by wonderful gardens and landscape on Cowal Peninsula
It is One of the most venerable buildings in Scotland. The old abbey is still magnificent. The palace much ruined by fire and being unroofed in 1708.
three miles north of Oban, standing on its own peninsula into the Firth of Lorn with a massive curtein wall. Ancient Campbell and MacDougall castle now in care oif Historic Scotland. Open to Public
1615 L plan lairds house beside cathedral in central Edinburgh. Once laird's house and now part of St Mary's Music School. rare example of a wealthy city burger's residence.
One of the world's quintessential castles: Eilean Donan is familiar from films and stunning in its romantic location. Open daily.
Visitor guide to Fort George in Ardersier in the Scottish Highlands. Includes descriptions, directions and timings to make a visit.
Georgian house built on core of tower house. Now restored and rented out by Landmark Trust as super lovely self catering
15th-century Z-plan tower house, that belonged to William Douglas, 8th Earl of Douglas. The castle passed first to the Crawford Family, and then the Rutherfords. It was extensively rebuilt at differnt times and was even used as a pub or something similar, It is now privately owned but its status is unknown.
Two miles west of South Queensferry is Hopetoun House, which thoroughly deserves its reputation as 'Scotland's finest stately home'.
Early 19th century castle with striking indoor stone staircase and early indoor thunderbolt privy. Now used as self catering.
16th century tower house that is home to Agnew clan and after restoration is now again a private residence. near Stranraer.
Ruined single tower in the middle of field that was once loch. 4 storeys remain. Walk up and visit.
L Plan tower dating from end of C17. Now a private house. Grade B Listed. Was dilapidated and restored in 1960s. Private.
Astonishingly beautiful Georgian house designed by William Adam & his son Robert
Privately owned house near Kilwinning previously associated with abbey of Kilwinning
Ancient castle in picturesque spot on Firth of Clyde that is well worth a visit and a picnic afterwards on the forshore. Open most of the summer and can be viewed and enjoyed any time of year.
Nothing remains now of a possible fort except for crop circles that suggest previous fortifications. Its position must have been spectacular!
Magical hidden castle beside the chapel that is a must visit. Barely known and hidden away... open to public
Ruined probably C16 tower house in exposed position on cliff. Walkable from east end of Seacliff beach.
The main residences of the bishops of St Andrews. Now a dramatic ruin on the headland
Tantallon Castle sits three miles east of North Berwick, off the A198. The mid-14th-century ruins perch dramatically on the edge of the cliffs, looking out to the Bass Rock.
Ruined 14th century castle sacked in 1544 and occupied until about 1715
Whiteside Peel or tower is a ruined example of Borders tower near Mellerstain House. You can walk to from the main house but not signposted.
Possible site for Armstrong Castle or Motte. Architectural sketchy. Little except mound to ve viewed
Rent a Castle
You can also rent out cottages in Scotland for corporate and wedding venues or just for a holiday, live like a Scottish Laird. Rent a castle for a holiday this link will take you to our comprehensive self catering section of the guide.
You can of course visit many Scottish Castles, below is a list of some the best Castles in Scotland, you can also visit Historic Scotland website for events.